June is my favourite month in the garden; the perennials have all emerged, the warm weather has taken root and the earth is still wet with spring. If your garden has already been cleaned up, trimmed, Triple Mixed and mulched then June is the time to sit back and enjoy the fruits of your labour. The beginning of the month is usually the best time to plant annuals, however this will depend on what zone you live in. In Southern Ontario, where I live, I usually plant my annuals somewhere between the last two weeks of May and the first two weeks of June, when the threat of frost is long gone.
Weed management is a must during the first of the truly warm months. Dig them up when they are inches high and discard them safely. If the weeds are taller than a couple of inches do not rip them out by pulling on the tops, dig them out with your garden spade and be sure to collect as much of the root system as you can. Besides the fact that they have been banned in Ontario, pesticides are not the only solution to eliminating invasive weeds. I worked on a garden a few years ago that was overgrown with a type of weed that would self-propagate when the tiniest piece of its root was left in the ground. With a garden spade I diligently dug up and removed every piece of plant and root I could find. That same year, as little miniature weeds popped up from the pieces I had missed they were carefully dug out. By the following spring the weed was no longer a threat and almost completely eliminated from the garden. Whatever you do, don’t let weeds go to seed. There is an old saying, “one year’s seeding is seven year’s weeding.” There are species of plants whose seeds can remain viable for decades.
As always, I must harp on the importance of watering, especially with newly planted garden beds and annuals. During the warm summer months it is possible that annual containers will need watering every day. Letting them dry out for even a few days can compromise their health and subsequently their blooming potential. New perennial and shrub additions to your garden must be watered regularly with no exceptions straight through to the end of fall. A prolonged dry spell will most certainly compromise the health of the plant and could be fatal. A dry spell late in the fall will weaken the plant and undermine its chances of surviving the long cold winter months ahead.
Check in with us once a month between March and October for tips on how to care for your garden.
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